British Wildlife Wiki

The Wild Strawberry (Fragaria vesca) is the ancestor of garden strawberries. It has white flowers from April to July, and it produces very small and very sweet strawberries. It is common in dry, grassy places, and in woods, though you might not notice it unless you look for it. The red flesh of the strawberry isn't technically a fruit, the fruit are the small pips around the outside of the flesh. It has been used as a folk remedy for freckles and was often found in old recipes for face wash. It is also often used in jams, juices and baked goods.

The wild strawberry is categorised as near threatened in England due to steep and steady decline in wildflower meadows[1] but globally is least concern.[2]


Typical habitat is along trails and roadsides, embankments, hillsides, stone- and gravel-laid paths and roads, meadows, young woodlands, sparse forest, woodland edges, and clearings. Often plants can be found where they do not get sufficient light to form fruit. In the southern part of its range, it can only grow in shady areas; further north it tolerates more sun. It is tolerant of a variety of moisture levels (except very wet or dry conditions). It can survive mild fires and/or establish itself after fires. It primarily propagates through runners, but viable seed is often germinated after soil disturbance. The berries are consumed by various birds, mammals and invertabrates.